July 20, 2024

Monteverde Costa Rica

Monteverde Cloud Forest

From Panama to Pakistan, Cambodia to Costa Rica, cloud forests — whose Spanish name is bosque nuboso — cover some 1% of global woodlands. These rare forests occur within tropical or subtropical mountainous environments, where the atmospheric conditions allow for a consistent cover of clouds.

Monteverde is a small town in the mountain ranges of Costa Rica and a major destination for ecotourism in the country. About 3 hours from San Jose, it is one of our top recommended destinations in Costa Rica. Monteverde is the best place to experience a cloud forest. Cloud forests were given their name because you will see a thin veil of clouds just below the canopy. The clouds eventually dissipate into water on the leaves and drip down, watering the plants below. It is breathtaking to see from above.

The three main reserves that protect the sustainability of the cloud forest covered mountains in this part of Costa Rica are the Monteverde Reserve, the Santa Elena Reserve, and the Children’s Eternal Rainforest. A quarter of a million tourists from all over the world come here to explore these biodiverse highlands. There’s a total of 755 tree species there, which means, that one square mile, The Monteverde Cloud Forest can have more species of trees than the entire Unites States of America. Visit Monteverde to experience what Costa Rica is all about: incredible biodiversity and environmental preservation.

The best part of Monteverde are the foggy, mysterious cloud forests. Thanks to the humid climate, you won’t see so much beautiful nature anywhere else. Hike with a guide for the best chance to spot wildlife and discover the magical cloud forest up close. You can learn all about the natural surroundings and rainforest plants Don’t forget rain gear, hiking boots and binoculars for the best experience! 

Santa Elena Costa Rica is a small community just 5 kilometers from the Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve. This small town offers the best of both worlds in luxury as well as budget accommodations. But generally it is considered a haven for backpackers who flock to Santa Elena in large numbers. Here you can find some basic amenities like a supermarket, post office, health center and bank. 

Ecological Night Walks

Ecological Night Walks

See the a whole different world of wildlife and let a guide show you all the mysterious animals that emerge at night. You’ll walk with small groups and experienced guides who know exactly where to go to see animals. Sleeping birds, sloths, snakes, monkeys and tarantulas are just a few animals and insects you might see! 

Horseback Riding

Discover the cloud forest on horseback and let professional guides point out the local wildlife along the way. Tours can last from two hours to eight days and can accommodate people aged 6-100. Touring the Cloud Forest on horseback is not an experience you will soon forget! 

Coffee and Chocolate Tours

Taste some of the best, and freshest, coffee and chocolate in the world and learn about the history and culture of chocolate and coffee in Monteverde.  You will even get to participate in the process by harvesting, peeling and roasting the coffee beans! When you’re finished you’re rewarded with an incredible cup of coffee and gorgeous views of the Cloud Forest. 

Cloud Forest Train

Explore the cloud forest on a replica 19th century train. It travels at 5 miles per hour and is a great adventure for families traveling with young children. The tour takes about an hour and comes with a guide ready to answer all your questions about the Cloud Forest.

Scenic ATVs

Get ready to get muddy on awesome ATV treks through the cloud forest. The tours start with a safety presentation and practice session to make sure you’re ready for your adventure through the Cloud Forest. You’ll drive by waterfalls and scenic vistas before you get to spin 360 turns in the mud. Don’t forget to bring dry clothes! 

Ranariums and Serpentariums

Learn about more than 25 species of frogs and amphibians from local bilingual experts at the Monteverde Frog Pond. See some of the most venomous snakes in the world. Only 1/2 inch of glass stands between you and these slippery creatures. 

Monteverde Sky Walks

After exploring the forest floor, accelerate your heart rate and explore it from the sky. With almost 2 miles of trails and 6 suspension bridges, you will get to see the cloud forests at the canopy level. Make sure to bring your camera to capture the beautiful birds soaring through the sky. 

Monteverde Sky Trek

Monteverde is famous for its unbelievable ziplining tours. Get ready to get your adrenaline pumping as you fly through the cloud forests on some of the best zip lines in the world. Many zip line companies also offer the superman zip lines, tarzan swings, repelling and even bungee jumping.  


Bird watchers from all over the world flock to Monteverde in hopes of witnessing a resplendent quetzal, a Three Wattle Bell Bird, a Mot Mot or many other of the 400 known bird species that live in Monteverde or periodically pay a visit. Monteverde has 2000 species of plants, 100 species of mammals and 400 species of birds.

How a cloud forest is a living dream

Hazy mist, trailing foliage, and the mysterious call of rare birds. It sounds like something from a fantasy or adventure film, but this dream world can be found in Monteverde, Costa Rica’s cloud forests. So what exactly are these famous cloud forests, and why does everyone insist on visiting them at least once?

Cloud forests take their name from their very literal nature. Often taking the form of fog, low-hanging clouds hover around the upper canopy of the forest before condensing onto the leaves of trees and dripping onto the plants below. The sky essentially comes down to the forest, enabling you to actually walk through the clouds — especially when you take a canopy tour on a suspension bridge.

Nature’s terrarium.

Understandably, the sun has a hard time breaking through this thick veil of clouds. This causes a slower rate of evaporation and thus provides the plants with a bounty of life-giving moisture. This moisture helps to promote a huge amount of BIODIVERSITY particularly within the type of plants known as epiphytes.

These plants grow on other plants (including trees) non-parasitically, collecting their moisture and nutrients from the air, rain, and debris that surround them. Common examples include lichens, orchids, and bromeliads, all of which are abundant in Monteverde, Costa Rica. Cloud forests also tend to host a large number of endemic species, as their unique climates and specialized ecosystems create habitats that are not found anywhere else on Earth.

Climate change is expected to seriously alter the nature of Monteverde’s cloud forests. Models suggest that the low-level cloud coverage will be reduced, and as a result, temperatures will go up. This could cause the forests’ hydrological cycle to change and potentially even dry up. This alarming theory gives travelers all the more reason to act in environmentally responsible ways both at home and abroad.

  1. Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve

The Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve was established in 1972 and initially covered some 810 acres (328 ha) of forested land. Nowadays, its protective reach extends over 35,089 acres (14,200 ha) and encompasses eight life zones atop the Continental Divide. There are over 100 species of mammals, 400 species of birds, and 1,200 species of amphibians and reptiles living within its bounds. It’s one of the few remaining habitats that support all six species of the cat family — jaguars, ocelots, pumas, oncillas, margays, and jaguarundis — as well as the endangered three-wattled bellbird and resplendent quetzal. Over 8 miles (13 km) of trails are available for visitors to explore on their own or with a guide. Monteverde is located at only 3 hours away from San Jose Costa Rica

  1. Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve

The Santa Elena Cloud Forest Reserve was established in 1989 and is managed and operated by the community of Santa Elena. It was one of the first reserves in the country to be directly controlled by the local community (as opposed to a government agency), and is an excellent example of what people can do to both preserve and learn from their immediate environment. It has a similar sampling of plants and animals as the Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve; however, it also acts as a habitat for spider monkeys, which the Monteverde Reserve does not. Its 765 acres (310 ha) hosts trails ranging from 1-3 miles (1-5 km) in length, as well as an observation tower that affords fantastic views of the Arenal Volcano on days that it is clear.

  1. Bosque Eterno de los Ninos

Translated from Spanish as the “Children’s Eternal Rainforest,” this cloud forest holds extra special meaning to the Monteverde community. Maintained by the Monteverde Conservation League (MCL), this protected area started with Swedish school children raising money to purchase (and protect) parcels of threatened wilderness. Today, after partnering with organizations in over 40 countries, the Children’s Eternal Rainforest spans 55,600 acres (22,500 ha). For a unique experience, you can actually stay overnight at one of the forest’s two biological stations. The only thing better than the plants and animals you’ll observe is the knowledge that you’re doing so because you are actively helping them to stay in their natural environment.

There are an assortment of activities within the Monteverde area to help visitors engage with these forests. Hikes through the reserves allow tourists to see, smell, and even touch the interior of these jungles. Hikes that are taken with a naturalist guide will give visitors a better chance of spotting — and learning about — the animals who live here. Bird watching expeditions, which are best during the early morning hours, are understandably popular, as are visits to the butterfly farms and insect museums. Hanging bridge and aerial tram tours allow participants to peer into the upper reaches of the forest canopy, while zip-line tours will send them flying directly through it.

Why Visit Monteverde Costa Rica?

You’ll feel like you’re on top of the world, but really, you’ve reached the central point of the nation’s continental divide. In Monteverde, Costa Rica, the sun-kissed faces of beach dwelling locals are replaced by the warm smiles of farmers, artists, naturalists, and outdoor enthusiasts—particularly in the small yet pleasant town of Santa Elena.

Situated at 4,662 ft (1,440 m) above sea level, Monteverde, Costa Rica is a lot like the United States’ Pacific Northwest region — evergreen due to the precipitation and moisture-filled clouds which hover over the horizon on an almost daily basis. Monteverde’s cloud forests are the byproduct of fog (a thick, low-hanging cloud) tangling amongst the leaves and branches of the forest canopy. When these water-based clouds come into contact with solid plant material, the plant absorbs what it needs and the remaining water condenses and drips down — layer by layer, organism by organism — until it reaches the forest floor.

  • Tens of thousands of diverse insects.
  • 2,500 species of plants (420 are strictly orchids).
  • 400 varieties of birds.
  • Over 100 types of mammals.

There is more than one way to enjoy the beauty of Costa Rica’s cloud forests, so whatever your energy level or ability, you won’t find yourself excluded from this experience. Hike down forest trails; choose a canopy tour with a suspension bridge; or take aerial photographs from the vantage point of a sky tram — there is an option for you. There are a variety of indoor museums and gardens and community experiences.

You might have heard about the famous journey to reach the town of Santa Elena and the gateway to Monteverde — it can be bumpy, as large sections are still unpaved and the terrain is not friendly to any vehicle that is not a 4×4 or lacks clearance. Some people refer to the bumpy ride as a “Costa Rica massage.” It’s best to leave the driving to a professional who is familiar with Monteverde’s landscape, so be sure to book transportation services along with your accommodations and tours.

The beauty of making the trip to Monteverde, Costa Rica is that you will not only see but feel the contrast from the lower elevations. As you ascend, there are multiple transitions of temperature, moisture, vegetation and terrain. Perched upon the divide, weather is influenced primarily by the Pacific and its predictable salty dryness (and occasional showers in the rainy season). However, at the top of the divide, the warm wet Caribbean winds create the almost continuous source of moisture that fuels this unique habitat.